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  Six Nations Land Claim
Summaries (Basis &
Allegations)

  Filed with Specific
Claims (29)

  Potential Claims to be
researched
Six Nations Land Claim Summaries (Basis & Allegations)
•   Six Nations has been researching Land Claims since the 1970's
•   Of the 29 submitted and potential claims, there are several more to be researched
•   The only claims submitted outside of the Haldimand Tract are Innisfil and East Hawkesbury Townships
•   Specific claims are defined as an unfulfilled Treaty or agreement between Canada and Indians.
The Haldimand Treaty of 1784
Whereas His Majesty having been pleased to direct that in consideration of the early attachment to his cause manifested by the Mohawk Indians and of the loss of their settlement which they thereby sustained - that a ...   View More
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Six Nations Land Claim Summaries (Basis & Allegations)
The four main areas of investigation are:
  1. Were the terms of the October 25, 1784 Haldimand Proclamation and other treaties fulfilled and honoured;
  2. Were the alienation of portions of the Six Nations tract undertaken lawfully;
  3. Were the terms and conditions of the alienation fulfilled; and
  4. Were the financial assets derived from the land alienations properly accounted for and maximized to benefit the Six Nations of the Grand River Indians?
This investigation involves archival researching into the ancestral/treaty lands of Six Nations including those conferred to Six Nations on October 25, 1784 by the Haldimand Proclamation. The Haldimand Proclamation authorized Six Nations to possess all of the land six miles on each side of the Grand River from its mouth to its source (to be held in trust by the Crown) comprising a total of approximately 950,000 acres. The lands were granted in partial recognition of the loss sustained by Six Nations of millions of acres of land in the aftermath of their alliance with the British Crown during the American War of Independence.
As set out in the grant of land, the Crown had a duty to protect Six Nations’ lands for their sole use. In many cases, not only did the Government fail to do so, the officials of the Crown actively encouraged settlement upon those lands. As a result of this intrusion, the lands became unsuitable as hunting grounds and Six Nations was forced to find alternate means of support. Six Nations claims are based on the following breaches:
  1. The non-fulfillment of a treaty or agreement between Indians and the Crown;
  2. A breach of an Indian Act or other statutory responsibility;
  3. A breach of an obligation arising out of Government Administration of Indian funds or other assets;
  4. An illegal sale or other disposition of Indian land by government under historic treaties or its administration of First Nation lands or other assets under the Indian Act; and
  5. Fraud in connection with the acquisition or disposition of Indian reserve land by employees or agents of the Federal Government, in cases where the fraud can be clearly demonstrated.
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Six Nations Lands and Resources is a Department of the Six Nations Council