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The Haldimand Treaty of 1784
Whereas His Majesty having been pleased to
direct that in consideration of the early attachment
to his cause manifested by the Mohawk Indians
and of the loss of their settlement which they
thereby sustained - that a convenient tract of
land under his protection should be chosen as a
safe and comfortable retreat for them and others
of the Six Nations, who have either lost their
settlements within the Territory of the American
States, or wish to retire from them to the British
- I have at the earnest desire of many of these
His Majesty's faithful Allies purchased a tract of land from the ...   View More

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  View Booklet (PDF Format)

  View Six Miles Deep Booklet
  Land Research Unit
  Filed with Specific Claims (29)
  Potential Claims to be researched
  Historical Dates
(Preconfederation Documents, Treaties, etc.)
  Land Claims Process - Crown Canada
  Crown’s Trusteeship -
Fiduciary Responsibility of the Crown
Crown and Six Nations’ Trust Funds
  Outstanding lawful Obligations
– Development of Six Nations Land Rights
  Classifying Crown's Injustices
Inadequacy of Crown Canada's
Claim Policy and Process

  Six Nations of the Grand River
v. Canada and Ontario

  Amended Statement of Claim
- March 7, 1995

  Table of Litigation Process
  Litigation Chronology
  Resolution to Injustices
  Land Return
  Interim Use Agreements
  Additions To Reserve Process (ATR)
  Land Purchases Map
  Land Use Unit
and Accomodation

  Archaeological Community
Monitoring Program

  Six Nations of the Grand River
Consultation and
Accommodation Policy

  Six Nations Wildlife Management Office

Litigation Timeline
  • March 1995 – Action commenced in Brantford
  • 1995-1997 – Initial exchange of pleadings
  • 1996 – Parties begin producing documents
  • 1999 – Discovery motion (a motion to obtain the opposing party’s evidence) decided in Six Nations’ favour
  • 2000 – Examination of Canada’s discovery representative
  • 1998-2002 – Interlocutory motions and appeals arising from discovery disputes
  • 2004-2009 – Six Nations of the Grand River Elected Council decides to pause litigation activity while pursuing settlement negotiations (in 2006 the action was formally placed in abeyance at Canada’s request and, on consent, while settlement negotiations were active)
  • 2009 – Action reactivated, Six Nations embarks on a process of preparing detailed Requests to Admit (Facts relating to specific documents being identified and facts identified in certain relevant documents)
  • July 2012 to October 2019 – Delivery of lengthy and detailed Requests to Admit, and Responses to Requests to Admit, between the parties
  • March 2016 – Parties agree to Discovery Plan and Electronic Discovery Protocol
  • November 2017 – Action transferred on consent to Toronto after retirement of Brantford judge that was “case managing” the action
  • January 2018 – Justice Sanfilippo is appointed Case Management Judge
  • May 25, 2020 – Action bifurcated between liability and damages and timetable set for completion of discovery and expert reports
  • May 2020 to September 2020 – Parties deliver amended pleadings
  • October 30, 2020 – Parties delivered written questions on discovery arising from amended pleading
  • March 12, 2021 - All parties to respond to any written questions on discovery
  • April 30, 2021 - All parties may serve any written questions on discovery that follow up on answers provided to previous written questions on discovery
  • June 30, 2021 - All parties shall answer any written questions on discovery that follow up on answers provided to previous written questions on discovery and all parties to complete a Joint Electronic Database of documentary production

Proposed Dates:
  • April 1, 2022 - Plaintiff’s delivery of expert reports
  • October 3, 2022 - Defendant’s delivery of expert reports
  • January 15, 2023 - Parties shall complete a compilation of all expert reports and supporting documentation
  • February 28, 2023 - Plaintiff’s delivery of reply expert reports
  • March 15, 2023 – Parties shall complete a compilation of all reply expert reports and supporting documentation (Final)
  • April 3, 2023 - As the trial was bifurcated on May 25, 2020, the trial for liability will be set to begin on April 3,2023 and the trial on damages will occur later
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Six Nations Lands and Resources is a Department of the Six Nations Council